Tuesday, April 19, 2011
Religious Symbols in the Cemetery
It seems appropriate, with this upcoming religious holiday weekend, to take a closer look at what religious symbols can be found in the cemetery. Here are several of them, listed alphabetically.
Alpha Omega – The first and last letter of the Ionic Greek alphabet. A verse from the Book of Revelation, “I am the alpha and omega,” - the beginning and the end.
Anchor – The anchor has been a symbol of steadfastness and hope in the Christian religion. Early Christians used the anchor as a secret symbol to guide the way to religious meetings.
Anchor with Cross – Another Christian symbol referencing a verse from the book of Hebrews referring to God as “hope we have as an anchor of the soul.”
Angels - Believed to be the spiritual messengers in most major religions. Angels are seen as the guardians of death. We will take a more in-depth look at angels in next Tuesday’s blog.
Book – It may be opened to indicate the Bible or The Book of Life. A closed book may indicate the completion of a life's story.
Book with finger pointing upward indicates faith.
Chalice – The cup represents the sacraments, especially in the Catholic rite of Communion. Often a chalice marks the head stone of a priest.
Clergy – Those ordained to perform the duties of ministering in the Christian religion also have symbols that indicate the branch of faith they followed.
Columns joined with an archway – Portrays the entrance to heaven.
Cross – There are numerous versions of a cross. We will take a more in-depth look at them on Friday. For today, the cross is the most recognized Christian symbol. Shown here are the Latin cross, used mostly in Protestant religions, and the Crucifix, used in the Catholic religion.
Crown – A symbol of victory and righteousness, triumph over death.
Dove – The dove is a symbol of devotion.
Grapes, Grape Leaves, Grape Vines– All indicate the Christian faith.
Hands – We use our hands to communicate. Two hands held in prayer show reverence and devotion.
Therefore, you might surmise that a finger pointing down would bode ill, but actually the meaning is mortality or sudden death.
Harp – A symbol of music and worship in heaven.
I H S – The three letters usually appear on a cross and are derived from the first three letters of Jesus’ name in Greek – Iota, Eta and Sigma. This has also been said to stand for the Lain words “Iesus Hominum Salvator – “Jesus, mankind’s savior.”
$ - In the Latin alphabet, I H S O Y S, again, Jesus’ name, is combined and interwoven.
Ivy - A plant that never losses it’s color and clings tenaciously symbolizes immortality and eternal life.
Lamb – The lamb is used on the stones of children because it is a symbol of innocence. It has been used to mark children’s graves since Egyptian times. The lamb is also a symbol of Christ.
Lamp – Usually it has a flame rising up from it. The lamp indicates a love of knowledge, wisdom and faith.
Lily - A lily or lilies may be used to symbolize innocence and purity. Often they are associated with the Virgin Mary.
Rock – May be used as a headstone and is a Christian symbol of St. Peter or the resurrection of Jesus.
Scared Heart - A heart encircled with thorns indicates Christ’s suffering.
Star – A 5-pointed star is symbolic with the five wounds of Christ.
Star of David – A symbol of Judaism. This six-pointed star represents divine protection.
Thistle – A symbol of sin and earthly sorrow.
Woman hanging on cross – This was originally the drawing that accompanied the hymn “Rock of Ages.” It indicates unwavering faith. Commonly used on Masonic graves.
Wreath – Symbol of eternity.
On Friday, Good Friday in the Christian religion, we will explore the variations, designs and meanings of crosses in the cemetery.