|Jane Todd Crawford|
|Dr Ephraim McDowell|
It was a harsh December day when she set out on horseback from south of Greensburg to ride to Danville, Kentucky, a journey of 60 miles. McDowell had refused to do the surgery anywhere but at his home where he had all of his equipment.
The operation took place on Christmas Day, 1809 in McDowell’s living room. The procedure took 25 minutes and was scheduled to take place during church services in order to keep gawkers away. Crawford was given only an oral dose of opium before being cut open. (Anesthesia was not invented yet.) Several attendants held her down while the surgery took place. McDowell removed a twenty-two pound tumor. This was the first successful removal of an ovarian tumor in the world!
|Jane Todd Crawford's Grave|
|Original Grave Marker|